WHAT IS A FLIP AND WHY IS IT NEEDED?
A FIP, or Fishery Improvement Project, is a multi-stakeholder initiative designed to improve the sustainability of a fishery. According to fisheryprogress.org, there are currently 75 active FIPs around the world, whose objectives are often aligned with the standards of the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC). Over the past few years, the environmental sustainability community has expressed growing concern and interest in the welfare of workers at sea, after a series of journalistic exposes uncovered slavery and murders in Asian commercial fishing fleets. Many in this community recognized that their work in the fishing industry may be fraught with labour and social risks that they were unable to identify or know how to address with the tools and expertise at hand among traceability and sustainability experts.
Over this time, Issara Institute has developed relationships and collaborations with some of these organizations, and have helped them to understand the nature of labour risks in the fishing industry, as understood from the perspective of labour rights experts and those working to support and empower workers, including fishermen. It became clear that tracing people and tracing products are two totally different matters, requiring different tools and different expertise. The audit/compliance framework and all its metrics, KPIs, and KDEs for sustainability may work fairly well to advance environmental efforts (though this is debated to some extent); however, it is widely recognized to fail when it comes to identifying labour risks, because data is often based on self-reporting from vessel and fleet owners, or auditor scoring based on conversations with vessel owners and observations of (easily forged) documents. In short, if you want to know about labour recruitment and management conditions, you have to be able to talk to the crew, and earn their trust to create an environment where they can safely convey the realities of how they are treated. And if you want to be able to reduce their risks at sea, it is clear that reducing or eliminating their indebtedness to brokers and their employer is key, meaning that you have to be able to reduce risks in the labour recruitment process.
The Issara Fishery Labour Improvement Program - FLIP - addresses these critical labour risks and opportunities for systems and industry strengthening, through a package of 4 key initiatives:
Issara Remediation Initiative: Working with vessel owners and fishermen to educate on labour rights and the law, then identify and remediate labour risks
Ethical Recruitment Program: Working with the governments and progressive recruitment agencies to recruit skilled, guaranteed debt-free workers to crew fishing boats owned by participating vessel owners
Multi-stakeholder Debt Relief Fund: Working with Issara Strategic Partners to incentivize vessel owners to cancel debts of crew and absorb the costs of their recruitment, while understanding the competitive landscape and perspectives of vessel owners and buyers
Worker Voice at Sea: Integrating Issara's worker voice technology with the most cutting edge vessel tracking and catch traceability reporting technology
We will be publishing more on how the FLIP works later in August 2018 - stay tuned for updates here!
WHO ARE OUR KEY PARTNERS?
Issara Institute itself does not have deep expertise in environmental sustainability or traceability - but our partners do! We will be publicly reporting more on our progress and lessons learned in the coming months, but for now please click below to learn more about our technical implementation partners:
We are also collaborating on more general advocacy/education about labour issues in the seafood industry with:
For those who are aiming to remain updated on the latest conversations and developments regarding labour and social issues in the fishing industry, in addition to the FishWise social responsibility resource page (above), we also highly recommend:
Issara's innovative new FLIP is generously supported by Walmart Foundation. And of course, Issara's Strategic Partners with seafood supply chains play an integral role in encouraging and supporting positive change in the local fishing industries.
If you are interested in being kept in the loop on updates with the FLIP, please email email@example.com.